Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAOs) are a novel organizational structure made possible by blockchain technology. They operate through smart contracts, enabling members to make collective decisions and manage resources without the need for traditional intermediaries. DAOs are built on transparency and decentralized governance, where stakeholders have a say proportional to their token holdings. These entities are used for various purposes, from managing decentralized applications (DApps) to governing cryptocurrency projects.

The heart of DAOs lies in their ability to achieve consensus and execute actions without centralized control. Smart contracts define the rules, and participants vote on proposals, allocating resources or making decisions. While DAOs offer transparency and disintermediation, they face challenges like security vulnerabilities and decision-making scalability. Nonetheless, they represent a fascinating shift toward community-driven, decentralized decision-making in the digital age.