The BRC-20 token standard represents a significant advancement in the Bitcoin blockchain, enabling the creation and transfer of fungible tokens. These developments not only highlight the evolving versatility of the Bitcoin network but also mark a new era in blockchain tokenization​​​​.


What is BRC-20?

BRC-20 is an experimental token standard on the Bitcoin blockchain, allowing for the minting and transfer of fungible tokens through ordinal inscriptions. This standard is akin to Ethereum’s ERC-20, but with distinct operational methods and capabilities​​​​.

BRC-20’s emergence stems from the Bitcoin network’s Taproot upgrade in 2021 and the subsequent introduction of the Ordinals protocol. This protocol enabled the attachment of data, such as JSON code, to Satoshis, the smallest unit of Bitcoin.

This data inscription gives rise to BRC-20 tokens, which are fungible and interchangeable, much like traditional cryptocurrencies. Notable examples of the tokens include ORDI and OXBT​​​​.

Top BRC-20 Tokens in 2023

As of November 27, 2023, some of the most popular BRC-20 tokens, sorted by on the number of holders, are as follow:

Token Name Deploy Time Holders Transactions
sats 3/9/2023, 12:32:14 PM 41,909 21,511,497
BTCs 4/25/2023, 2:20:59 PM 18,931 90,534
BTOC 5/22/2023, 8:42:58 PM 15,864 77,376
OXBT 5/11/2023, 12:15:31 PM 15,434 233,406
ordi 3/8/2023, 11:16:31 AM 12,662 204,287
rcsv 6/12/2023, 7:30:10 PM 9,506 48,308
MXRC 5/26/2023, 9:06:43 AM 8,849 89,043
rats 3/11/2023, 12:11:54 AM 8,447 1,126,082
VMPX 5/8/2023, 2:05:28 AM 8,399 369,864
zbit 5/7/2023, 10:32:12 PM 8,165 76,071
MMSS 11/19/2023, 1:43:10 PM 6,900 1,102,523


Marketplaces for BRC-20 Tokens

BRC-20 tokens are traded on various platforms, including both decentralized marketplaces and centralized exchanges:

  • Decentralized Marketplaces:
    • OrdinalsWallet
    • UniSat: Requires membership or points for buying and selling.
    • OpenOrdex: May be challenging for beginners to use.
    • A marketplace for listing sales from OrdinalsWallet or OpenOrdex​​.
  • Centralized Exchanges:
    • BitGet

These platforms facilitate the buying, selling, and trading of BRC-20 tokens. It’s important to note that the tokens are not traded on decentralized exchanges (DEXs) as they are not standard fungible tokens but are more akin to NFT listings​​.

Advantages of BRC-20

BRC-20 tokens offer several benefits:

  • Compatibility with the Bitcoin Network: They seamlessly integrate with the existing Bitcoin infrastructure, including wallets and exchanges​​.
  • Simplicity: The framework is easier to use compared to more complex smart contract-based standards​​.
  • Security: Leveraging the robust security mechanisms of the Bitcoin blockchain, BRC-20 tokens offer enhanced security​​.
  • Growth Potential: The standard has significant potential for innovation and expansion within the Bitcoin ecosystem​​.

Challenges and Limitations

Despite its advantages, BRC-20 faces several challenges:

  • No Smart Contract Functionality: This limits its capabilities compared to other blockchain tokens​​.
  • Dependency on the Bitcoin Blockchain: This brings inherent limitations such as low scalability and higher transaction fees due to network congestion​​​​.
  • Limited Interoperability and Utility: The standard’s current design restricts its use cases and interoperability with other blockchain systems​​.
  • Smaller Developer Community: This could slow down the pace of technological advancements compared to more established standards like ERC-20​​.

Future Prospects and Impact

The BRC-20 standard is still experimental, but it has already garnered significant attention, with a market capitalization exceeding $600 million.

It opens up new possibilities for Bitcoin, expanding its use beyond peer-to-peer transactions to include tokenization and decentralized finance (DeFi) applications. However, its impact on the Bitcoin network’s speed and transaction fees has been significant, leading to controversies and debates within the crypto community​​​​.


How to Create and Trade BRC-20 Tokens

How to Mint a New BRC-20 Token

Minting a new token involves a few steps:

  1. Choose a Wallet: The UniSat wallet is the primary tool for deploying and minting BRC-20 tokens.
  2. Create a Token: To create a token, you need to come up with a unique 4-letter ticker that hasn’t been used yet.
  3. Deploy and Mint: Utilize the UniSat wallet to deploy your new token and then proceed to mint it. Be mindful that each transaction, such as deployment and minting, can incur fees of over $15-20​​.

How to Buy, Sell, and Mint Existing BRC-20 Tokens


  1. Select a Wallet: Use a Bitcoin Taproot-enabled wallet like UniSat Wallet or Ordinals Wallet.
  2. Choose a Platform: BRC-20 tokens can be purchased on centralized exchanges that list them or through ordinals marketplaces.
  3. Connect Wallet: Connect your chosen wallet to the marketplace.
  4. Fund Your Wallet: Ensure your wallet has sufficient BTC to cover the transaction fees.
  5. Purchase Tokens: Select the token you wish to buy and confirm the transaction, ensuring the legitimacy of the seller and the price​​​​.


  1. List on Marketplaces: You can list your tokens for sale on marketplaces like OrdinalsWallet, UniSat Marketplace, OpenOrdex, or centralized exchanges.
  2. Set the Price: Determine the price for your tokens and create a sale listing.
  3. Complete the Transaction: Once a buyer is found, complete the transaction by transferring the tokens and receiving payment.

Minting Existing Tokens

  1. Choose a Token to Mint: Select an existing token that you wish to mint more of.
  2. Use a Compatible Wallet: Ensure you have a compatible wallet like UniSat Wallet.
  3. Mint the Tokens: Follow the specific minting process for your chosen BRC-20 token. This usually involves sending a transaction with the minting command and paying the associated fees.
  4. Note on Limits: Be aware that there may be a limit to the number of tokens you can mint, as defined by the token’s parameters.

Key Considerations

  • Transaction Fees: Be prepared to pay transaction fees in BTC for buying, selling, and minting.
  • Research: Conduct thorough research before engaging in transactions, especially given the experimental nature of BRC-20 tokens.
  • Security: Practice safe trading habits, including verifying sellers and transaction details.


The introduction of BRC-20 tokens represents a paradigm shift in the Bitcoin ecosystem, offering new functionalities and challenging the traditional perceptions of Bitcoin’s capabilities. As the blockchain landscape continues to evolve, the role and impact o tokens in this dynamic environment will be critical to observe.

While they offer promising avenues for innovation, the experimental nature of BRC-20 requires cautious engagement and ongoing evaluation​​.


About The Author


Owner of Since 2013, he's been immersed in the world of cryptocurrencies and has become an avid NFT collector since 2019. Also an NFT artist, he is a lifelong learner of mixed-media artwork creation.